According to the celebrated definition of the State by Max Weber, ‘State is the human community that claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of force within its given territory’. This monopoly over the legitimate use of force is granted to state by its own people for ensuring them security. However, whatever we experienced two days back at Ramleela Maidaan, was in fact, contradictory to this understanding about the state. The state, which is created to provide security to its people, indulged in unprecedented violence; lathi- charge, bursting of tear-gas and stone-throwing; against its own people, who were agitating against widespread corruption and black money. Such state has no right to rule the people of world’s one of the most peace-loving civilizations!!!
Our nation is going through a very important phase in the process of socio-political development. Vibrant Civil- Society Activism supported by all kinds of mass-media is the crucial feature of this phase. This phase is also accompanied by the trans-national phenomenon of Internet Revolution. Nor can we sideline the strengthening of India’s Political Culture that has led to the emergence of political will for the betterment of the society.
The combined impact of these factors became evident through the massive ‘Anti- Corruption Movement’ that has stirred the country. The movement was started at various levels by different groups of people; including civil society organizations, human rights activists, religious and spiritual leaders and institutions, pressure groups and not to mention, the ordinary citizens. All these organizations, leaders and the ordinary people were united in the unparallel hunger strike led by Anna Hazare, at the Jantar Mantar in New Delhi in the month of April.
Government attended to the nation’s call and in the utmost fear of regime-change agreed to set-up the committee along with the leaders of civil society to form ‘Lokpal Bill’. The proceedings of the committee are not made public. However, according to the media briefings, they do not seem to be going in the smooth way. The government side of the committee does not want; the Prime Minister, the Chief Justice and behavior of the Members of the Parliament within Parliament premises; to come under the purview of the Lokpal, which seems to be very arbitrary. Generally, looking at government responses to the situation; be it the arbitrary conditioning, and not to mention, its crackdown on the agitators led by Yoga-guru Baba Ramdev; it looks like that the government is unwilling to materialize the Lokpal Bill in the form that people desire. But, the movement is so widespread that it is simply impossible for any regime to silence people’s voice. The regime which is doing that, is certainly putting nails in its own coffin! Thus, one cannot doubt the adoption of the ‘Lokpal Bill’ in the near future.
Nevertheless, the story does not end here; in fact, it very much starts here! The initial activism and enthusiasm among the people about curbing corruption ought to be channelized in the proper manner. The implementation of the Lokpal Bill should also be properly checked by the same people.